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Personal, Social & Health Education






At Alston Primary School, Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE) and Citizenship is regard as an important, integral component of the whole curriculum. PSHE enables our children to become healthy, independent and responsible members of society.

In addition to this, we are UNICEF Rights Respecting School and at the heart of our ethos are the values of the Convention on the Rights of a Child.


The aims of PSHE and Citizenship fall into 3 core themes:

Health & Wellbeing, Growing and Relationships and Living in the Wider World.


Health & Wellbeing

  •          Know and understand what constitutes a healthy lifestyle.
  •          Know how to maintain physical, mental and emotional health and wellbeing.
  •          Be aware of safety issues, including how to respond in an emergency.
  •          Know how to manage change, including puberty, transition and loss.



  •          Develop and maintain a variety of healthy relationships within a range of social and cultural contexts.
  •          Know how to recognise and manage emotions within a range of relationships.
  •          Know how to recognise risky or negative relationships, including all forms of bullying and abuse, and ask for help.
  •          Know how to respect equality and diversity in relationships.


Living in the Wider World

  •          Know the importance of responsible behavior and actions.
  •          Be responsible and independent members of the school community.
  •          Be positive and active members of a democratic society.
  •          Know that everyone has human rights and what happens when human rights are not respected
  •          Understand human rights take precedence over other national laws, family and community practices and                the consequences of anti-social and aggressive behaviours
  •          Know about the importance of respecting and protecting the environment.
  •          Develop self-confidence and self-esteem and make informed choices regarding personal and social issues.
  •          Develop good relationships with other members of the school and the wider community.
  •          Know about where money comes from, keeping it safe and the importance of managing it effectively.
  •          Have a basic understanding of enterprise.



Planning and Expectations at each Key Stage

Foundation Stage


We teach PSHE and Citizenship in the Foundation Stage as an integral part of the topic work covered during the year. We relate the PSHE and Citizenship aspects of the children’s work to the areas of learning set out in the Foundation Stage guidance to develop a child’s personal, emotional and social development. We also support Citizenship Education in the Foundation stage through other areas of learning such as Knowledge and Understanding and Communication, Language and Literacy.


During key stage 1

Children learn about themselves as developing individuals and as members of their communities, building on their own experiences and on the early learning goals for personal, social and emotional development. They learn the basic rules and skills for keeping themselves healthy and safe and for behaving well. They have opportunities to show they can take some responsibility for themselves and their environment. They begin to learn about their own and other people's feelings and become aware of the views, needs and rights of other children and older people. As members of a class and school community, they learn social skills such as how to share, take turns, play, help others, resolve simple arguments and resist bullying. They begin to take an active part in the life of their school and its neighborhood.


During key stage 2

Children learn about themselves as growing and changing individuals with their own experiences and ideas, and as members of their communities. They become more mature, independent and self-confident. They learn about the wider world and the interdependence of communities within it. They develop their sense of social justice and moral responsibility and begin to understand that their own choices and behavior can affect local, national or global issues and political and social institutions. They learn how to take part more fully in school and community activities. As they begin to develop into young adults, they face the changes of puberty and transfer to secondary school with support and encouragement. They learn how to make more confident and informed choices about their health and environment; to take more responsibility, individually and as a group, for their own learning; and to resist bullying. Children also learn the importance of their human rights and how these laws exist to protect people and always over-rule any other practice.


Growing and Relationships


In 2015, Alston Primary School took part in a consultation with the Health Education Service to audit and improve the content and teaching of Growing up and Relationships Education.  Through meetings with children, parents and staff, a scheme of work was planned so that it was age appropriate and sympathetic to community values, whilst giving children the information they need as they grow into young adults. Content of the Growing up and Relationships theme of PSHE can be found on each year group’s curriculum letter to parents.


Parents have the right to withdraw their children from Growing up and Relationships. The PSHE leader is always happy to speak to parents about curriculum content.

Growing up and Relationships resources are from the Christopher Winter Scheme, which is accredited by the PSHE Association.